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Many women who have not been able to conceive, but want to experience pregnancy and childbirth, turn to egg (oocyte) donation. Poor egg quality due to a womanís advanced age is the most common reason why single women and couples turn to egg donation. A womanís egg quality drops when she is over age 35 and significantly declines after age 39.
Egg donation is commonly used by:
Egg donor programs recruit, screen and match healthy donors with couples and individuals. Infertility clinics also offer donated eggs from couples that have produced excess eggs. The eggs have been surgically retrieved from healthy young women ó generally between 21 to 30 years old ó who are in their reproductive prime and old enough to give informed consent. Egg or oocyte donors undergo psychological and medical screening, which includes a thorough medical history and workup.
To retrieve the eggs for donation, the egg donor receives hormone injections to stimulate ovulation so five or more eggs can be retrieves vs. the one that women naturally release each month. A doctor then surgically removes eggs from the donorís ovaries. The lab fertilizes several eggs in vitro (in a laboratory) using the recipientís partnerís sperm or donated sperm. Fertilized eggs (embryos) are then inserted into the recipientís uterus. If successful, the embryo will attach to the uterine lining and develop into a healthy baby.
Kofinas Fertility Institute works with both anonymous egg donors and directed egg donors (a donor ó such as a sister, cousin or friend ó whom the patient brings to the Fertility Institute).
The best candidates for egg donation are women in their prime reproductive years, generally between the ages of 21 and 30.
Before becoming an egg donor, you will undergo a comprehensive psychological and medical screening, which includes a thorough medical history and workup. The screening process will help you evaluate your desire to donate.
If you are accepted, you will be matched with an egg donor recipient. The next step is ovarian stimulation, where you will take fertility drugs to produce multiple eggs. These eggs will be retrieved from your ovaries in a surgical procedure and then fertilized in a lab and implanted into the recipientís uterus. If the procedure is successful, the embryo will develop into a healthy baby.
Because egg donation is a time-consuming process, egg donors are compensated for their role, usually an average of about $7,000 to $20,000.
If you are thinking of becoming an egg donor, we urge you to contact us at Kofinas Fertility. We will be happy to answer any questions or give further information on the specifics of the process.
You can contact our Brooklyn location at (718) 243-1600.