What Is a Hysteroscopy? Your Questions Answered

Do you suffer from abnormal vaginal bleeding? Do you have scarring from previous procedures? Has your doctor found tumors or polyps inside of your uterus?

If so, your doctor may want you to undergo a hysteroscopy.

Chances are you have a lot of questions. What is a hysteroscopy? How do these procedures work?

We’re here to help! Keep reading to get the answers to all of your hysteroscopy questions below.

What Is a Hysteroscopy?

One of the most commonly asked questions is what is a hysteroscopy?

Hysteroscopy involves inserting a viewing scope into the vagina. The scope is used to examine the:

  • Interior lining of the uterus
  • Cervical canal
  • Fallopian tube openings

How Does the Procedure Work?

There is minimal preparation for the procedure. Most hysteroscopies are performed at a fertility clinic or an outpatient surgery location. 

Once the scope is inserted, your doctor will use fluid or gas to distend the uterus. The allows for better visualization.

During the procedure you may experience cramping. Cramping and light bleeding can occur after the procedure is finished. There is no downtime with a hysteroscopy so you can immediately resume your daily activities.

What Is the Procedure Used for?

Typically, a hysteroscopy is used for diagnostic purposes.

It can be used to confirm results from other tests. There are many Uterine conditions that can be corrected through hysteroscopy.

Abnormal bleeding

Heavy or lengthy menstrual bleeding can be problematic. Bleeding that occurs between periods and after menopause should also be examined. With this procedure, the cause of the bleeding can be determined.


Uterine adhesions are typically made up of scar tissue. They can impact fertility as well as menstrual flow. These can be identified and removed.

Uterine septum

A uterine septum is a congenital malformation. The condition can be confirmed using hysteroscopy.

Polyps and fibroids

Polyps and fibroids are non-cancerous growths. They can be identified and removed during the procedure.

What are the Benefits?

A hysteroscopy is one of the less invasive procedures for diagnosing uterine issues. Undergoing a hysteroscopy opposed to other procedures has its benefits.

These benefits include:

  • Avoidance of a hysterectomy
  • Shorter recovery time
  • No need for a hospital stay
  • Avoidance of open abdominal surgery to examine the uterus

Is a Hysteroscopy Safe?

Because this procedure isn’t invasive, it is relatively safe. Of course, there are risks involved with any medical procedure.

Complications that may occur include:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Intrauterine scarring
  • Infection
  • Injury to the uterus, cervix, bladder or bowel

If you suffer from heavy bleeding or fever after the procedure, contact your doctor.

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Do you or your partner suffer from infertility issues? Want to know the best way forward for starting a family? Looking to learn more about IFV and other fertility treatment options?

If so, Kofinas Fertility Group is here to help. Our combined 70 years of experience offers you the best fertility treatment possible. We know the ins and outs of successful fertility treatment.

Don’t wait any longer. Contact our office today and schedule an appointment.